Regulatory News

Final Results

16 April 2024

‘'Fast growing, expanding internationally, increased profitability, dividend paying’"

Equals (AIM:EQLS), the fast-growing payments group focused on the SME marketplace, announces its final results for the year ended 31 December 2023 (the ‘year’ or ‘FY-2023’) and an update on trading for the period from 1 January 2024 to 12 April 2024.



These Results are available in PDF format.
To download please  click here


FY-2023: Financial Summary

 FY-2023  FY-2022  Change1
£ millions  £ millions   
Underlying transaction values      
-          FX 5,866  5,470  + 7%
-          Banking 2,178  1,741  + 25%
-          Solutions Platform 4,368  2,005  + 118%
-          Total 12,412  9,216  + 35%
Revenue 95.7 69.7  + 37%
% of revenue from B2B2 82% 76%   
Adjusted EBITDA 320.6 12.1  + 70%
EBITDA 17.1 11.0  + 56%
Profit after taxation 7.7 3.6  + 118%
  Basic  4.22p  1.80p  + 134%
  Diluted 4.00p  1.73p  + 131%
  Adjusted4 Basic 7.16p  3.15p  + 127%
  Adjusted4 Diluted 6.79p  3.03p  + 124%
  Capitalised staff costs 5.7  4.2   
  Separately reported items (below Adjusted EBITDA) 2.1  0.2   
  Cash per share (at balance sheet date) 10.2p  8.3p   


FY-2023 Financial Highlights

  • 35% increase in transaction flow to £12.4 billion (FY-2022: £9.2 billion)
  • 37% increase in revenue to £95.7 million (FY-2022: £69.7 million)
  • 70% increase in Adjusted EBITDA3 to £20.6 million (FY-2022: £12.1 million)
  • Completion of three strategically enhancing acquisitions in the year at a cash cost of £6.0 million
  • Payment in December of £0.9 million maiden interim dividend (0.5 pence per share)
  • Robust Balance sheet with £18.7 million cash at bank at 31 December 2023
  • Final dividend proposed of 1.0 pence per share bringing the total dividends paid and proposed of 1.5 pence (FY-2022: Nil)

H1 FY-2024 Trading update

  • Revenue in H1-2024 up to 12 April 2024 reached £31.9 million, up from £24.5 million in the same period in 2023, an increase of 30%
  • The revenue from Solutions in the same period was £13.2 million, up 74% on the same period in 2023 of £7.6 million
  • Revenues per working day up to 12 April 2024 were £443k, an increase of 27% over £350k per day in Q1-2023 and 5% higher than £422k per day achieved in Q4-2023
  • Cash balances of £21.6 million as at 12 April 2024

Commenting on the Final Results, Ian Strafford-Taylor, CEO of Equals Group PLC, said: “We continued to grow strongly in 2023, achieving record levels of revenue, Adjusted EBITDA, and operational cash generation. This allowed us to continue to invest in the business and declare a maiden dividend. We also expanded internationally, broadened our product offering and hired greater talent to take the Group forward.  I am immensely proud of the workforce that allowed us to reach these levels of performance, and I want to thank them all for their efforts in achieving these results.”

FY-2023 Annual Report

An electronic copy of the Annual Report and Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2023 will be posted on the Group’s website ( along with a copy of the FY-2023 Results presentation at midday today.  Printed versions of the FY-2023 Annual Report and Financial Statements will be posted to shareholders this month along with a Notice of Annual General Meeting.


1 Based on underlying, not rounded, figures.

2 Transactions with business customers are reported as ‘B2B’ and transactions with retail customers are reported as ‘B2C’.

3 Adjusted EBITDA is defined as: earnings before; depreciation, amortisation, impairment charges, share option charges, foreign exchange differences and separately reported items. Separately reported items are of a material nature, non-recurring items.

4 The measure of profit for this ratio has been adjusted to form Adjusted EPS. The add-back adjustments consist of share option charges, amortisation of acquired intangibles, exceptional items, acquisition costs and tax impacts on these items thereon.


The financial statements were approved for release at 07:00 hours on 16 April 2024 to the London Stock Exchange via RNS after being approved by the Board after stock market hours on 15 April 2024.


For more information, please contact:

Equals Group PLC  
Ian Strafford-Taylor, CEO
Richard Cooper, CFO
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7778 9308
Canaccord Genuity (Nominated Advisor / Broker) 
Max Hartley / Harry Rees Tel: +44 (0) 20 7523 8150
Buchanan (Financial Communications)  
Henry Harrison- Topham / Steph Whitmore / Toto Berger
[email protected]
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7466 5000


Notes to Editors:

Equals Group is a technology-led international payments group augmented by highly personalised service for the payment needs of SME’s whether these be FX, card payments or via Faster Payments. Founded in 2007, the Group listed on AIM in 2014.  For more information, please visit


Chief Executive Officer’s Report

The vision for the Group continues to be the simplification of global money movement for business customers.  Equals achieves this through its B2B platforms, Equals Money being targeted at SME customers and Equals Solutions which targets larger corporate opportunities. The Group’s growth potential is particularly strong given that the core building blocks of its platforms, namely own-name multi-currency IBANs and bank-grade connectivity and clearance, are highly complex and time consuming to replicate. This ‘first mover’ advantage was achieved by the investments made in previous years and will be continuously enhanced by the developments planned in the Group’s technical roadmap combined with further investments into direct connectivity to payment networks.

Against this vision, the Board’s objective for FY-2023 was to leverage the investments made into product, engineering, and connectivity to deliver a unified platform offering to its B2B customers that could deliver further growth to the Group as a whole.

Equals achieved these objectives with the roll-out of the Equals Money platform to the SME customer base and Equals Solutions platform to larger corporates. In addition, during FY-2023 the Group added the capability for customers to consume our services via API integrations which considerably increased our ‘Total Addressable Market’ (‘TAM’). Accordingly, Equals can now distribute its services directly to customers via its brands, integrate via API, or white-label its platform so Equals customers can sell directly to their own customers (‘B2B2X’).

The advances the Group made in its offering, combined with improved Sales and Marketing capabilities, meant the Group significantly surpassed our expectations in the year, delivering the following strong headline financial performance:

  • Transactions executed on the Group’s platforms increased by 35% to £12.4 billion (FY-2022: £9.2 billion)
  • Revenue increased by 37% to £95.7 million (FY-2022: £69.7 million)
  • Adjusted EBITDA increased by 70% to £20.6 million (FY-2022: £12.1 million)

A detailed financial analysis is presented in the Report of the Chief Financial Officer which follows this statement.

Summary of FY-2023 performance

The financial results demonstrate the success of our strategy of investment into creating a robust, scalable platform comprising international and domestic payments, card payments and current-account services underpinned by exceptional technology and direct connections to multiple payment networks.

In addition to investments in creating the platform, the Group has continued its strategy of focusing on distribution to the B2B customer segment and augmented our capabilities in Sales and Marketing.

The combination of product advancements and improved distribution capabilities produced strong financial performance in 2023 and this strategy and delivery has continued into 2024.

Growth combined with operational gearing

Processed transaction volumes grew 35% to £12.4 billion (FY-2022: £9.2 billion), with increases across all payment channels, and reflects the scalability of the platform that has been built, and the operational processes that support it.

In keeping with the prior year, revenues grew faster than transaction volumes, posting a 37% increase to £95.7 million (FY-2022: £69.7 million), which demonstrates the success of focusing on higher-margin business lines.

The Group’s focus on distribution to B2B customers is reflected in the breakdown of revenues of which 82% were derived from B2B customers, up from 76% in FY-2022. Similarly, our success in attracting larger corporate customers, especially via the Equals Solutions platform, is reflected in 33% of revenues being derived from this category, compared to 23% in FY-2022.

Analysing growth trends further, in keeping with FY-2022, the core products within Equals Money all grew and were augmented by a very strong uptake of Equals Solutions. This translated to International Payments (including White Labelled FX services) growing 14% to £39.4 million (FY-2022: £34.4 million). This compares favourably to the results of many peers as macro-economic headwinds dampened demand, particularly from B2C customers. Card-based revenues grew 22% to £15.2 million (FY-2022: £12.5 million) despite the film production vertical being affected by strikes in Hollywood. Equals Solutions revenues grew by 99% to £31.0 million (FY-2022: £15.6 million) which reflects the strong demand for the platform and the success of our sales and marketing efforts in this market.

The increase in transaction volumes and revenues resulted in even stronger profit growth, with Adjusted EBITDA up 70% to £20.6 million (FY-2022: £12.1 million) which clearly demonstrated continued operational gearing.

The Group’s operations remain strongly cash generative which gives Equals the flexibility to perform opportunistic M&A activity as illustrated by the acquisition of Oonex S.A., which was completed on 4 July 2023. Oonex, now renamed Equals Money Europe (‘EMEU’), is a payment institution based in Brussels and regulated by the National Bank of Belgium. The acquisition of Oonex, together with its regulatory licences and banking relationships, allows Equals to bring its payments, cards, and multi-currency account products to a new suite of customers across Europe, thereby further increasing the Group’s TAM.

Growth with control

The Group remains committed to growing revenues and profits as rapidly as possible by increasing the volumes of transactions processed via its platform whilst concurrently minimising risk and retaining operational control. Accordingly, investment into finance, operations, compliance, and risk functions remains a key focus as Equals continues to grow.

The nature of the payments industry means that all companies that operate within it will incur some operational risk, especially in terms of so-called ‘daylight exposure’ in the times between transactions being agreed and being settled. The Group seeks to minimise and mitigate these risks wherever possible. Therefore, all foreign exchange transactions with customers are automatically matched with a liquidity provider and funds are never released until inbound funds have been received. Additionally, although the Group does offer forward contracts to its customers, its deposit and mark-to-market policies ensure that Equals runs an immaterial risk in this area.

Regulators and banks across the globe are increasingly focused on anti-money laundering (‘AML’) and compliance standards. Equals welcomes the higher levels of supervision and auditing in this area as we view our compliance controls and governance to be a competitive advantage. Equals instils a Group-wide compliance culture facilitated by regular, compulsory, training for all employees. The Group has continued its investment in this area with increased headcount and expertise being added across onboarding, enhanced due-diligence, transaction monitoring, risk, compliance and regulatory teams. In addition, the Group has invested in compliance technology by deploying improved internal tooling combined with outsourced platforms to automate tasks where possible. Furthermore, given our growth in transaction volumes, in FY-2022 the Group invested into a machine-learning transaction monitoring system, called Featurespace, which we successfully rolled out in FY-2023.

The philosophy of ‘growth with control’ is also prevalent in our product and engineering functions. All customer-facing product developments are built with the involvement of all areas of the business to ensure Equals creates end-to-end applications that support internal operational efficiency as well as superior customer user experience (‘UX’). Equally, the Group listens to our customers when we design and build new products and all applications pass through rigorous quality assurance and live testing before wider roll-out. In addition to customer-facing developments, our technical roadmaps include many workstreams that improve internal efficiency and control, not just outward facing product rollouts. Concurrently, the Group will utilise external tooling and software where appropriate, for instance in CRM, transaction monitoring & KYC checks, so we can concentrate our resources on developing software that enhances our products and competitive advantage.

The Group has also implemented strong governance over all aspects of our Engineering and IT processes. A monthly Security Council, with membership including Board members and all key departments, is required to sign off all changes including new products, product changes, new software usage and vendor approval. The Security Council also conducts a review of any security incidents at each meeting and authorises any changes required. The robustness of our governance allowed the Group to announce, on 4 December 2023, that it had been awarded ISO/IEC 27001 status, the leading international standard focused on Information Security Management. This independent accreditation testifies to the strength of the technology platform that has been built as well as the processes and controls that we operate.

The engineering, product and design teams continued to produce significant improvements in our products and functionality in FY-2023 at a very high cadence. Highlights included:

  • Payments Sending Service (PSS) – this capability allows automation of our ‘payments out’ rails, utilising SWIFT, and thereby direct integrations to our major Banking partners
  • Completion of Equals Money core functionality – Equals Money now has the complete range of functionality required to sunset legacy platforms and enable all our products to operate on one unified technology stack
  • Equals Money API – full functionality of Equals Money now available to customers over API, including a technical team dedicated to customer onboarding and full sandbox
  • FairFX re-platformed – FairFX B2C cards now operate as a pure “white label” of Equals money, utilising the API suite described above
  • White-Label of Equals Money – Similar to FairFX, The Equals Money API suite was utilised to enable the first commercial white-label of Equals Money
  • Equals Money Europe – integration work completed on time to bring EMEU into operational status with local IBAN capability by the end of 2023; and
  • Roqqett integration – the GBP open-banking capabilities of Roqqett were enhanced and made more robust before integration into the FairFX checkout journey.

The developments above all fit within the Group’s strategy of increasing its total addressable markets by product and functionality innovation combined with widening the geographic markets the Group can access.

Sustained investment in people

The success of the Group is attributable to its excellent employees who consistently demonstrate all of the core values of Equals, namely:-

  • Make it happen – own the outcome individually
  • Succeed together – communicate and encourage each other to deliver
  • Be the customer – constantly seek to improve customer experience
  • Go beyond – push ourselves to excel, individually and collectively.

The Group has a bi-annual appraisal process, which also drives salary reviews and incentive plans. The Group is proud to have a diverse workforce and it strives to train and promote from within as well as seek fresh talent from elsewhere.

Equals continues to invest in its employees and consistently looks to implement measures to enhance the work environment for employees. The Group utilises benchmarking to ensure it provides a strong benefits programme and it continues to support a hybrid working policy. The health and wellbeing of employees is taken very seriously, and the Group has implemented many programmes to support this.

Overall, investment in People has resulted in the Group having a low level of staff turnover amongst key employees. Implementation of a Company-wide share incentive plan (‘SIP’) combined with a long-term incentive plan (‘LTIP’) for management, continue to be strong retention tools in what continues to be a difficult labour market in terms of attracting talent.

Average headcount increased to 341 in FY-2023, up from 268 in FY-2022. The growth in headcount reflects the Group putting in place the resources needed for our next phase of growth in 2024 and beyond, given the greater TAM and distribution channels we can now access. The additional recruitment has been in either direct revenue production areas or in revenue enablement areas.

Revenue production teams include sales, marketing, sales operations and dealing. Revenue enablement encompasses onboarding, compliance, API integration as well as broader operations capacity.

In addition, headcount increased by the expansion via acquisition into Europe via EMEU, completed in July 2023, which will contribute to revenues more strongly in 2024.

We expect headcount to remain broadly stable at current levels in 2024.  Accordingly, although revenue per head increased to £281k from £260k in the prior year, we would expect a further increase in 2024 given the investments we have made and the increased Target Addressable Market.

Equals position in the payments space

Global payments is a multi-trillion dollar market that remains a complex and constantly evolving space. Whilst technology has seen radical changes in many industries, payments had not evolved at the same pace until relatively recently with legacy payment mechanisms of cash, cheques, account-to-account transfers and more latterly cards dominating the landscape. Furthermore, the settlement rails that supported these payment methodologies were frequently decades old. The problems that this created were even more acute when making international, or cross-border, payments as settlement rails in one country frequently did not interface with those in another.

The 21st century has seen more investment into payments and more disruptive technology being applied which has changed the long-standing status quo and introduced new participants into the space, known as ‘fintech’ businesses. The advent of crypto currencies, and concurrently blockchain, has further accelerated the rate of change such that payments in general is now evolving at a rapid pace.

This is the backdrop to the Group’s sustained investment over several years to carve out a specific niche for Equals, focused on the B2B customer space. The Group has developed a unique proposition that provides its customers with both account-to-account transfers and card payments in one multi-currency platform built on infrastructure giving bank-grade connectivity and security on superior customer interfaces. Equals customers can consume this platform directly via the secure login, on a white-label basis, or via an API technical interface. The flexibility the Group can support and the channels by which this can be consumed by customers is a key differentiator. Within Equals B2B focus, the Group targets two major segments, SMEs, via Equals Money, and larger corporates, via Equals Solutions. Both offer a single platform comprising own-name, multi-currency IBAN current accounts, account-to-account transfers, and card products for both domestic and international transactions.

Competition and differentiation

The Group’s competitors fall into two major categories, the incumbent banks and the fintech ‘disruptors’. Despite the recent growth of fintech companies, the majority of payment volumes still flow through the incumbent banks, in some part due to customer inertia and the difficulty of switching providers. For Equals, the key is to target the customer base of the incumbent banks whilst concurrently making it easy for those customers to consume the products and services of the Group. These twin challenges have been the driving factors behind the Group’s product development and also its efforts to make onboarding of new customers as rapid and seamless as possible for the customer.

In contrast to the incumbent banks, fintech competitors tend to focus on one silo of what Equals provides as an overall platform (e.g. current accounts, cards, or international payments) and are often B2C focused. In addition, they typically operate ‘self-serve’ platforms. This is in contrast to Equals as it provides leading technology allied with human assistance in supporting customers to navigate the complexities of payments via dedicated account management teams.

The Group therefore differentiates itself by harnessing the best of these two competitor groups, namely the trust, security and heritage of the incumbent banks combined with the technological innovation of the fintech community. Accordingly, Equals will continue to invest in its platform, connectivity, and payment rails to remain one step ahead and its success to date in doing so is reflected in the Group’s FY-2023 results.

M&A opportunities

The Group continues to assess M&A opportunities in three main areas, which are not mutually exclusive. Firstly, to acquire profitable businesses that can easily be added to the platform and provide scale. Secondly, to acquire value-added functionality complementary to our offering. Lastly, to expand our portfolio of regulatory licences and access to overseas markets. FY-2023 saw Equals execute deals in all three categories and we continue to be alert for further opportunities.


Equals wholeheartedly embraces ESG initiatives and takes Equality, Diversity, and Inclusivity (‘EDI’) extremely seriously. Our EDI strategy, which covers not only employees but also customers, includes an internal EDI network populated with elected representatives and regular employee surveys. This is a key objective for all Executive Committee members and forms part of their appraisals.

H1-2024 Trading

FY-2024 has started strongly with revenue in H1-2024 up to 12 April 2024 reaching £31.9 million, up from £24.5 million in the same period in FY-2023, an increase of 30%.  The revenue from Solutions in the same period was £13.2 million, up 74% on the same period in 2023 of £7.6 million.  Revenues per working day up to 12 April 2024 were £443k, an increase of 27% over £350k per day in the same period in H1-2023 and 5% higher than £422k per day achieved in Q4-2023.

Strong B2B revenue growth continues with all product lines progressing well. Equals Solutions, which contributed £31.0 million of revenues in FY-2023, is expected to continue to grow strongly as the Group adds new functionality to its payments platform during the year and widens its TAM.

In keeping with the strategy pursued in FY-2023, our product and development roadmap for the rest of FY-2024 reflects our continued investment into our platform capabilities. Key deliverables are: -

  • Automated bulk payments capability, including over API integration,
  • Full straight-through-processing (STP),
  • Further enhancement of Equals Money Europe capabilities,
  • Support white-label scale up,
  • Sunset remaining legacy platforms and minimise technical debt.

The outlook for the business, as a result of our sustained and continuing investments combined with our excellent people, remains strong. In addition, the Group’s addressable market is now significantly greater with our expansion into Europe and increased distribution channels. Equals has created a payments platform comprising international and domestic payments, card payments and current account services underpinned by exceptional technology and direct connections to multiple payment networks.


Ian Strafford-Taylor
Chief Executive Office

15 April 2024



Chief Financial Officer’s Report

The FY-2023 results have been impacted by a number of significant events:

  • The Company’s decision to restructure its reserves thus leading to an interim dividend of 0.5 pence per share paid on 7 December 2023 and the recommendation of a final dividend of 1 pence per share, giving a total dividend paid and proposed of 1.5 pence for 2023.
  • The launch of a Strategic Review, announced on 1 November 2023, aimed at evaluating whether greater value could be obtained through a sale of the Company in light of the lacklustre performance of the UK equities market as a whole.
  • The disposal of the travel cash business and the completion of three acquisitions:
    • Roqqett Ltd (open banking platform);
    • Hamer and Hamer Ltd; and
    • Oonex S.A. (renamed Equals Money Europe S.A.).

More details on these events are reported below.

In summary, the FY-2023 results have been positively impacted by the success of the Equals Solutions product: Group Revenue was up 37%; Gross Profits up 55%, Adjusted EBITDA up 70%, and Adjusted EPS up 127%.

I present my review and financial analysis for the year ended 31 December 2023.


 FY-2023  FY-2022  
 £ millions  £ millions  
Revenue (table 3, 4) 95.7  69.7  
Gross Profits (table 5) 52.3  33.7  
Less: Marketing (2.6)  (1.9)  
Contribution 49.8 31.8
Staff costs (20.3)  (14.4)  
Property and office cost (1.2)  (0.9)  
IT and telephone costs (3.2)  (2.0)  
Professional Fees (2.2)  (1.2)  
Compliance costs (1.5)  (0.7)  
Travel and other expenses (0.7)  (0.5)  
Adjusted EBITDA 20.6 12.1
Less:    Share option expense (1.4)  (0.9)  
Less:    Acquisition costs (table 6) (1.4)  (0.2)  
Less:    Exceptional items (0.7)  -  
EBITDA 17.1 11.0
IFRS 16 Depreciation (table 7) (0.7) (0.8)  
Other depreciation (table 7) (0.5) (0.4)  
Amortisation of acquired intangibles (table 8) (1.7) (1.3)  
Other amortisation (table 8) (5.4) (4.4)  
Contingent consideration credit / (cost) 0.5 (0.3)  
 (7.8)  (7.2)  
Gain on Disposal of Cash CGU0.4 -
EBIT 9.7 3.8
Lease interest (0.2) (0.2)  
Foreign exchange differences (0.3) (0.1)  
Contingent consideration finance charges (0.1) (0.1)  
 (0.6) (0.4)  
Corporate and deferred taxation (1.4)  0.2  


When the changes are presented as a bridge, the standout facts are the increase in revenue leading to increased contribution (gross profits less marketing costs), offset by higher labour costs, both through planned increases in staff resources and responding to labour market pressures. Other cost increases were also a mix of inflation pressures, but also decisions taken to upskill and upscale resources for a rapidly growing business.


FY-2022 Adjusted EBITDA   12,120
Add: 56% uplift in contribution FY-2023  17,964
41% increase in staff costs, reflecting a higher planned headcount, particularly in compliance due to regulatory pressures.
60% increase in IT and communications, taking into account increased web hosting charges and development tools in line with transaction growth.
96% increase in professional and compliance costs, much of which is attributable to increased professional and compliance including regulatory fees in line with geographical expansion.
24% increase in property through geographical expansion
Increase in other costs including travel and entertaining costs incurred through ambassadorial initiatives and industry awareness events.
FY-2023 Adjusted EBITDA 20,637
Uplift over FY-2022   8,514
% uplift over FY-2022   70%



All product lines and all verticals saw significant increases in revenue in the year. The Group has concentrated on the corporate sector and has seen strong growth in International Payments, White-Label and Solutions business and modest growth in consumer and small businesses.

H1-2023 saw an increase of £13.6 million in revenue over H1-2022, and £6.7 million over H2-2022. The growth continued in the second half, with H2-2023 adding a further £12.4 million in revenue against the same period in H2-2022 and £5.7 million over H1-2023. Overall revenue in FY-2023 was 37% ahead of FY-2022.

The table below shows the revenue by both CGU and customer types. The Europe revenue segment is the acquisition of the European entity Equals Money Europe in H2–2023, which represents £1.7 million of the Group’s total revenue of £95.7 million for FY-2023.


Revenue in £ millions Consumer and small business
Sub-total White-label TOTAL
International Payments 3.8 18.9 - 22.7 16.7 39.434.4 14%
Cards 5.0 10.2 - 15.2 - 15.212.5 22%
Banking 8.3 - - 8.3 - 8.36.1 36%
Solutions - - 31.0 31.0 - 31.015.7 97%
Travel cash 0.1 - - 0.1 - 0.11.0 -86%
Europe - 0.9 0.8 1.7 - 1.7- -
Total, FY-2023 17.2 30.0 31.8 79.0 16.7 95.7 69.7 37%
Total, FY-2022 16.6 22.4 15.7 54.7 15.0 69.7   
% Change*      
FY-2023 to FY-2022 +3% +34% >103% +45% +11% +37% +37%

*based on underlying figures


Further analysis we disclose below, revenue per half-year period.


Revenue in
£ millions
Solutions White-Label Other International Payments Cards (Retail and Corporate) Banking Bureau Europe TOTAL Revenue per day in
H1-2022 6.2 7.2 9.1 5.6 2.8 0.5 - 31.4 255.1
H2-2022 9.5 7.8 10.3 6.9 3.3 0.5 - 38.3 301.4
FY-2022 15.7 15.0 19.4 12.5 6.1 1.0 - 69.7 278.7
% of total 22% 22% 28% 18% 9% 1% - 100%  
H1-2023 13.6 8.9 11.0 7.4 4.0 0.1 - 45.0 362.9
H2-2023 17.4 7.8 11.7 7.8 4.3 - 1.7 50.7 397.6
FY-2023 31.0 16.7 22.7 15.2 8.3 0.1 1.7 95.7 380.5
% of total 32% 17% 24% 16% 9% 0% 2% 100%  
2023 vs 2022 99% 11% 16% 22% 37% - 86%  37% 36.4%


Gross profits

Gross profits have improved both monetarily and in percentage terms. The aggregate gross profits have steadily increased through tight management of pay-aways and the changing mix of business. Gross profit percentage has increased from 47% in H1-2022 to 49% in H2-2022, to 52% in H1-2023 and to 57% in H2-2023. This ratio is expected to remain at this level.

White-label GP percentages have increased materially as the division becomes less reliant on some underlying B2C trading.

The key components of cost of sales have not changed, being a mix of affiliate (or introducer) commissions, transaction costs, and sales-related staff commissions (which include employers National Insurance Contributions) to the trading and sales teams:


 Solutions White-Label Other International Payments Cards (retail and corporate) Banking Bureau Europe TOTAL
H1-2022 46% 12% 59% 61% 76% 48% - 47%
H2-2022 50% 14% 56% 65% 78% 42% - 49%
FY-2022 48% 13% 57% 63% 77% 45% - 48%
H1-2023 54% 19% 59% 64% 84% 31% - 52%
H2-2023 60% 21% 60% 65% 84% 87% 56% 57%
FY-2023 57% 20% 60% 64% 84% 36% 56% 55%


Marketing, branding
and contribution
The Group has actively managed its marketing expenditure more closely having carried out a thorough review and a constant assessment of ‘Return on Spend’. Expenditure has been incurred on digital marketing, marketing and hospitality events and exhibitions. Marketing, as a percentage of Revenue has remained static at around 2.7%.
Staff costs

Staff costs (gross of capitalisation and exceptional items) were £25.9 million in FY-2023 against £18.6 million in FY-2022. This increase was attributable to:

  • Organic headcount increases (headcount numbers have moved from 285 as at 31 December 2022 to 367 as at 31 December 2023 and 400 at 31 March 2024). Recruitment costs were £969k in 2023 against £557k in 2022. 2023 saw the recruitment of 90 new employees in the UK.
  • Acquisitions added a further 30 to the Group’s headcount offset by five leavers following the sale of the FX bureau in March 2023.
  • Wage pressures, where the aggregate increases were around 7.2%.

The composition of headcount is approximately: Commercial, 20%; Operations (including compliance), 38%; Engineering, 16%; Product and Design, 5%; Europe (all functions), 6%: Finance and HR, 8%; Other, 7%.


Professional fees and
Compliance costs

Owing to an increasing cross-industry compliance burden, the Group has chosen to report compliance and similar costs separate to other professional fees. Such costs, including onboarding systems, have risen due to a combination of greater business activity and the Group’s desire to fast-track business applications proactive with regulation.

Professional fees have risen in line with trends widely reported in the national press, most notably the provision for the cost of the audit noting increased acquisition activity and implementation of enhanced systems.
Exceptional itemsThere were two significant corporate projects undertaken in FY-2023 which led to exceptional costs of £0.7 million being incurred: the restructuring of reserves to enable the payment of dividends, and the decision to launch a strategic review in order to explore ways of enhancing shareholder value. The former, which required Court consent, was successfully concluded in Q4-2023 leading to the payment of 0.5 pence per share dividend. The latter is a process which is continuing at the time of this announcement.

Capital Reduction and
Maiden Interim
Dividend Payment

With Court approval, on 1 November 2023, the Group carried out a Capital Reduction moving £25 million to Distributable Reserves from the Share Premium account. Following the reduction, the Group declared and issued a maiden interim dividend of 0.5 pence per share to the shareholders of Equals Group PLC and the Trust. The total number of shares eligible for the dividend was 185,731,589 with a total cash payment of £928k paid on 7 December 2023.

Acquisition and

In FY-2023, the Group incurred costs of £1.5 million (of which £1.4 million was taken to the income statement) in relation to the completion of the three acquisitions and one disposal.

  • Roqqett Limited, an FCA-regulated open-banking platform provider, was acquired on 6 January 2023. It has two key licenses: an AISP (Account Information Service Provider) and a PISP (Payment Initiation Service Provider).
  • Hamer and Hamer Limited, acquisition completed following FCA approval on 20 April 2023 of the entire ordinary share capital historically focused on the provision of international payments.
  • Oonex S.A., a Belgian company, an authorised payment institution regulated by the National Bank of Belgium, was acquired on 4 July 2023. The acquisition enables the provision of Equals products into the European Economic Area (EEA). Oonex was subsequently renamed Equals Money Europe S.A. Its board now comprises Ian Strafford-Taylor (CEO), Stephen Paul (Deputy CFO), James Simcox (Chief Product Officer and MD of Europe) and Matthijs Boon (COO), along with two independent directors as required under Belgian regulations.
  • The FX bureau business, with a predominantly B2C customer base, was sold on 14 March 2023 for an initial £250k with a further £100k subject to certain conditions being met.



 Total Roqqett Hamer & Hamer* Oonex S.A.
Acquisition date  06.01.2023 20.04.2023 04.07.2023
 £’000s £’000s £’000s £’000s
Cash paid at acquisition 1,669 169 1,500 -
Cash paid at acquisition for acquired liabilities 2,461 - - 2,461
Cash paid post-acquisition 335 215 - 120
Total cash paid for acquisitions 4,465 384 1,500 2,581
Shares issued at acquisition 3,190 - - 3,190
Shares issued post-acquisition 500 500 - -
Total shares issued paid for acquisitions 3,690 500 - 3,190
Total cash paid and shares issued for acquisitions 8,155 884 1,500 5,771
Fair Value on shares issued 694 - - 694
Performance assessed consideration thereon 85 35 - 50
Capitalised incidental expenses 131 131 - -
Acquired liabilities payable in cash 1,524 - - 1,524
Deferred consideration payable in cash** 1,268 500 768 -
Deferred consideration payable in shares 810 - - 810
Total consideration transferred 12,667 1,550 2,268 8,849
Fair Value thereon 2,413 664 (30) 1,779
Deferred tax thereon 978 - 369 609
Total acquired 16,058 2,214 2,607 11,237
Goodwill 9,930 - 1,129 8,801
Other intangible assets:     
     Open Banking Technology 2,214 2,214 - -
     Customer Relationships 3,914 - 1,478 2,436
Total intangibles acquired 16,058 2,214 2,607 11,237
Acquisition costs charged to P&L 1,377 212 149 1,016


*earn outs are payable on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd anniversaries of the acquisition if targets are met. The maximum earn out is £1.7 million over the three-year period.

**the final earnout for Casco acquired on 19 November 2019 of £509k is included in deferred consideration on the balance sheet date. This final earnout and the £500k due for Roqqett was paid by 31 March 2024. The remaining balance, which relates to Hamer & Hamer, has a gross value of £1.7 million and a fair value of £0.8 million is payable over three years from May 2024.


The transactions contributed to the Group’s results as shown below:

 FY-2023 FY-2023 FY-2023 FY-2023
 Roqqett Hamer & Hamer Oonex S.A. Total
Date acquired/disposed 06.01.2023 20.04.2023 04.07.2023
 £’000s £’000s £’000s £’000s
Revenue - 839 1,747 2,586
Gross Profits - 736 975 1,711
Adjusted EBITDA (495) 466 (368) (397)



Tangible fixed assets are depreciated over the anticipated useful life with a maximum of 60 months (other than leasehold improvements which is a maximum of 120 months)


 FY-2023 FY-2022
 £’000s £’000s
IFRS 16 depreciation 692 822
Other depreciation 536 389
 1,228 1,211


Guidance: Based upon the expenditure incurred to 31 December 2023, the depreciation charges for those assets in FY-2024 will be:

IFRS 16 depreciation 662
Other depreciation 450

Intangible assets acquired on acquisition are amortised over their estimated useful lives, with a maximum of 60 months for brands and a maximum of 108 months for customer relationships. The charge to amortisation for the year can be analysed as follows:


Amortisation charge arising from the capitalisation of internally developed software in the following years:    
2018 and earlier 545 917
2019 1,661 1,661
2020 893 893
2021 599 576
2022 791 388
2023 506 -
 4,995 4,435
Amortisation charge for other intangibles 381 291
 5,376 4,726
Amortisation of acquired intangibles 1,672 1,282
Total amortisation charge 7,048 6,008

Guidance: Based upon expenditure to 31 December 2023, the amortisation charges for FY-2024 are expected to be:


Internally developed software 4,857
Other intangible assets 202
Acquired intangibles 1,718
Operating resultThe Group made a profit before taxation of £9.1 million for the year, compared to £3.4 million for FY-2022.

R&D credits

The Group has recognised a net tax charge of £1.4 million (FY-2022: net tax credit £135k). At the balance sheet date, the Group estimates it has usable tax losses of £12.4 million.




This table shows a compressed ‘balance sheet’ for the Group.

 31.12.2023  31.12.2022
  £’000s £’000s
Internally generated software – cost 32,207  26,001
Internally generated software – accumulated amortisation (18,407)  (13,411)
  13,800  12,590
Other non-current assets (other than deferred tax) 32,949  18,558
IFRS 16 assets, less IFRS 16 liabilities (599)  (830)
  46,150  30,318
Liquidity (per Table 11) 17,803  14,320
Trade debtors and accrued income 6,503  4,244
Prepayments 1,789  1,345
Deposits and sundry debtors 196  189
Working Capital Advances to Roqqett -  830
Deferred Consideration Receivable from the sale of FX bureau 100  -
Inventory of card stock 372  292
Accounts payable (2,831)  (2,069)
Affiliate commissions (3,135)  (2,563)
PAYE and pension (1,023)  (816)
Staff commissions and accrued bonuses (2,391)  (1,690)
Acquired liabilities for Oonex S.A. outstanding at 31 December (1,519)  -
Other accruals and other creditors (3,700)  (1,937)
  12,164  12,145
Cash earn-out balances not paid*  -  (424)
Cash earn-out balances paid by 31.12.2023  -  (1,092)
Cash earn-out balances paid between 31.12.2023 and 15.04.2024:     
     Casco  (509)  (509)
     Roqqett (per Table 6)  (500)  -
Cash earn-out balances payable after 15 April 2024 attributable to Hamer & Hamer:     
-          Gross amount which could be payable over 3 years
-          Fair value accounting adjustment
  (768)  -
Net corporation and deferred tax  849  1,639
Net value of forward contracts* 358  827
  (569)  441

At 31 December 2023, the Company has distributable reserves of £23,079k. This is equivalent to £0.12 per share.


*The 2022 cash earn-out balances not paid where performance assessed and subsequently credited back to the P&L in 2023

**The gross value of the forwards book at 31st December 2023 was £315.3 million (31st December 2022: £253.3 million)


Share capital

The number of shares in issue at 1 January 2023 was 180,712,473.  This increased in the year through the exercise of 352,758 share options and 1,051,176 shares at nominal value were issued pursuant to the 2021 SIP. In addition, 3,938,294 shares were issued in pursuance to the acquisition of Oonex S.A. and 573,197 shares in pursuance to the acquisition of Roqqett. Thus, at the balance sheet date, there were 186,627,898 shares in issue. A further 1,000,000 shares were issued on 4 January 2024 pursuant to the acquisition of Oonex S.A.

The SIP held 1,719,296 shares at 31 December 2023.

Share options

At 1 January 2023, the Company had 16,141,058 options outstanding. 352,758 of these were exercised in 2023, 536,512 were cancelled and 165,760 were lapsed. On 6 November 2023, the Company announced Discretionary Share Incentive Plans for over 2,600,000 shares and 459,448 shares under the Company SIP. Thus, at the date of signing of these financial statements, there were 16,390,301 options, representing 8.74% of the issued share capital as at 15 April 2024.

At 15 April 2024, there were 16,390,301 share options yet to be exercised of which 7,222,800 had fully vested.

Earnings per share

Earnings per share are reported/calculated in accordance with IAS 33. For non-diluted, the result after tax is divided by the average number of shares in issue in the year. The average number of shares was 183,624,192 (FY-2022: 180,304,802).

The calculation of diluted EPS is based on the result after tax divided by the number of actual shares in issue (above) plus the number of options where the fair value exceeds the weighted average share price in the year. The fair value of options is measured using Black-Scholes and Monte-Carlo. It should be noted that in accordance with Accounting Standards, this calculation is based on fair value, not the difference between the market price at the end of the year or the weighted average price and the exercise price. The weighted average price was 99 pence (FY-2022: 84 pence), the number of options exceeding the fair value was 9,820,535 (FY-2022: 7,278,986).

The basic and diluted EPS are shown below:


 Basic Basic Diluted Diluted
 FY-2023 FY-2022 FY-2023 FY-2022
Earnings per share (in pence)       4.22       1.80       4.00       1.73


Adjusted earnings and adjusted EPS

 FY-2023  FY-2022
 £’000s  £’000s
P&L Attributable to owners of Equals Group PLC 7,746  3,236
Add back:   
-          Share option charges 1,447  970
-          Amortisation of acquired intangibles 1,672  1,282
 -      Exceptional items 714  -
-          Acquisition costs 1,377  164
-          Tax impacts thereon* 183  31
Adjusted earnings 13,139 5,683


*Tax impacts thereon are associated to items not added back to the tax computations relating to Exceptional items and Acquisition costs.

The resulting earnings per share are shown below:

 Basic Basic Diluted Diluted
 FY-2023 FY-2022 FY-2023 FY-2022
Adjusted earnings per share (in pence)       7.16       3.15       6.79       3.03



Exclusive of acquisitions and dividends, operational cash of £13.2 million (2022: £7.2 million) was generated during the year, a cash conversion rate of 64% over Adjusted EBITDA, compared to 60% for FY-2022.

The movement in the cash position is shown in the table below:

Adjusted EBITDA 20,637 12,120
R&D tax credits received via Roqqett acquisition 232  -
R&D tax credits received in cash -  400
Lease payments (principal and interest) (929)  (969)
Acquisition costs expensed through the income statement (1,377)  (164)
Exceptional items (714)  -
Internally developed software capitalised for R&D:    
- Staff (5,653)  (4,191)
- IT Costs (553)  (408)
Purchase of other intangible assets less disposals (Non-R&D) (412)  (445)
Purchase of other non-current assets (478)  (271)
Movement in working capital (1,027)  1,147
“Operational cash inflows” 9,726 7,219
Funds from exercise of share options 97  193
Interim dividend payment (928)  -
Net cash proceeds in Disposal of CGU 280  -
Earn-outs of acquisitions made in prior periods (1,092)  (2,614)
Cash paid for acquisitions made in period (table 6) (4,465)  -
Working capital loan made ahead of acquisition of Roqqett Limited -  (830)
External funding repaid (CBILS) -  (2,028)
NET CASHFLOWS 3,618 1,940
Balance at 1st January 15,044  13,104
Balance at 31st December 18,662 15,044
Cash per share 10.2 pence 8.3 pence


TABLE 11 - LIQUIDITY FY-2023  FY-2022
£’000s £’000s
Cash at bank 18,662  15,044
Balances with liquidity providers 2,758  1,950
Pre-funded balances with card provider 1,912  1,491
Gross liquid resources 23,332 18,485
Customer balances not subject to safeguarding (5,529)  (4,165)
 (5,529)  (4,165)
Net position 17,803 14,320


The Group’s principal banking and liquidity providers include Barclays, NatWest, Citibank, Crown Agents Bank, Blackrock, Valitor, Sucden and Velocity along with funds held at the Bank of England.


Richard Cooper
Chief Financial Officer

15 April 2024





 Note FY-2023  FY-2022
  £’000s  £’000s
Revenue from currency transactions  85,614  63,541
Revenue from banking transactions  8,350  6,141
Revenue from Europe transactions  1,747  -
Revenue 95,711 69,682
Transaction and commission costs  (43,385)  (36,027)
Gross Profit 52,326 33,655
Administrative expenses  (33,739)  (22,576)
Depreciation charge  (1,228)  (1,211)
Amortisation charge  (7,048)  (6,008)
Acquisition expenses*1  (1,377)  (164)
Total operating expenses (43,392) (29,959)
Memo: Adjusted EBITDA*2H 20,637 12,120
Operating profit A 8,934 3,696
Gain on the sale of the Cash CGUE 380 -
Finance cost
 (166)  (280)
Profit before tax 9,148 3,416
Tax (charge) / credit B (1,402)  135
Profit after tax 7,746 3,551
Attributable to:  
Owners of Equals Group PLC  7,746  3,237
Non-controlling interest  -  314
Other comprehensive income:     
Exchange differences arising on translation of foreign operations  6  -
Total comprehensive income for the year 7,752 3,551
Earnings per share C  
Basic  4.22p  1.80p
Diluted  4.00p  1.73p


Adjusted EBITDA is Operating profit or loss before: Depreciation, Amortisation, Impairments, Share option charges, and Separately reported items.  All income and expenses arise from continuing operations.


*1 Acquisition costs represents and includes costs pursuant to acquisitions.

*2 Adjusted EBITDA is not a GAAP measure and represents operating profit or loss before share option charges, depreciation, amortisation and separately reported items (exceptional items).





 2023 2023  2022 2022
 Group Company  Group Company
 £’000s £’000s  £’000s £’000s
Non-current assets    
  Property, plant and equipment 1,120 -  1,139 -
  Right of use assets 2,881 -  3,367 -
  Intangible assets (note F) 22,232 -  16,540 -
  Goodwill 23,397 -  13,468 -
  Deferred tax assets 956 814  1,831 1,368
  Investments - 77,750  - 62,902
 50,586 78,564  36,345 64,270
Current assets    
  Inventories 372 -  292 -
  Trade and other receivables 13,431 1,398  10,274 1,159
  Derivative financial assets (note G) 4,760 -  5,616 -
  Cash and cash equivalents 18,662 509  15,044 -
 37,225 1,907  31,226 1,159
TOTAL ASSETS 87,811 80,471  67,571 65,429
Equity attributable to equity holders
  Share capital 1,866 1,866  1,807 1,807
  Share premium 28,498 28,498  53,405 53,405
  Share-based payment reserve 5,564 3,483  3,231 2,397
  Other reserves 13,556 8,128  8,609 3,187
  Retained earnings / (accumulated losses) 8,260 24,574  (24,148) 1,038
  Company loss in the year - (1,719)  - (1,127)
 57,744 64,830  42,904 60,707
Non-current liabilities    
  Lease liabilities 2,730 -  3,417 -
 2,730 -  3,417 -
Current liabilities    
  Trade and other payables 22,079 15,641  15,489 4,722
  Current tax liabilities 106 -  192 -
  Lease liabilities 750 -  780 -
  Derivative financial liabilities (note G) 4,402 -  4,789 -
 27,337 15,641  21,250 4,722
TOTAL EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 87,811 80,471  67,571 65,429





GROUP Called up share capital  Share premium  Share- based payment  Retained earnings / (accumulated losses)  Other reserves  Total attributable to owners of Equals Group PLC  Non-controlling interest  Total equity
 £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s
At 1 January 2022 1,793  53,218  1,858  (24,590)  8,609  40,888  263  41,151
Profit for the year -  -  -  3,237  -  3,237  314  3,551
Acquisition of the remaining NCI -  -  -  (2,902)  -  (2,902)  (577)  (3,479)
Share-based payment charge -  -  924  -  -  924  -  924
Share options exercised in year -  -  (107)  107  -  -  -  -
Shares issued in year 14  187  -  -  -  201  -  201
Movement in deferred tax on share-based payment reserve -  -  556  -  -  556  -  556
At 31 December 2022 1,807  53,405  3,231  (24,148)  8,609  42,904  -  42,904
Profit for the year -  -  -  7,746  -  7,746  -  7,746
Other comprehensive income:                
Exchange differences arising on translation of foreign operations -  -  -  -  6  6  -  6
Other items:                
Share-based payment charge -  -  1,419  -  -  1,419  -  1,419
Share options exercised in year 3  -  (333)  333  -  3  -  3
Shares issued in year 50  93  -  -  -  143  -  143
Shares issued in relation to Roqqett acquisition 6  -  -  -  494  500  -  500
Dividends paid in year -  -  -  (928)  -  (928)  -  (928)
Share premium reduction scheme -  (25,000)  -  25,000  -  -  -  -
Acquisition of Oonex fair value increase -  -  -  -  3,844  3,844  -  3,844
Acquisition of Oonex deferred consideration -  -  -  -  860  860  -  860
Oonex deferred consideration – non-payable -  -  -  50  (50)  -  -  -
Transfer of Q-Money contingent liability -  -  -  207  (207)  -  -  -
Movement in deferred tax on share-based payment -  -  1,247  -  -  1,247  -  1,247
At 31 December 2023 1,866  28,498  5,564  8,260  13,556  57,744  -  57,744


COMPANY Called up share capital  Share premium  Share- based payment  Retained earnings / (accumulated losses)  Other reserves  Total equity
 £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s  £’000s
At 1 January 2022 1,793  53,218  1,580  931  3,187  60,709
Loss for the year -  -  -  (1,127)  -  (1,127)
Share-based payment charge -  -  924  -  -  924
Share options exercised in year -  -  (107)  107  -  -
Shares issued in year 14  187  -  -  -  201
At 31 December 2022 1,807  53,405  2,397  (89)  3,187  60,707
Loss for the year -  -  -  (1,718)  -  (1,718)
Share-based payment charge -  -  1,419  -  -  1,419
Share options exercised in year 3  -  (333)  333  -  3
Shares issued in year 50  93  -  -  -  143
Shares issued in relation to Roqqett acquisition 6  -  -  -  494  500
Dividends paid in year -  -  -  (928)  -  (928)
Share premium reduction scheme -  (25,000)  -  25,000  -  -
Acquisition of Oonex fair value increase -  -  -  -  3,844  3,844
Acquisition of Oonex deferred consideration -  -  -  -  860  860
Oonex deferred consideration - non-payable -  -  -  50  (50)  -
Transfer of Q-Money contingent liability -  -  -  207  (207)  -
At 31 December 2023 1,866  28,498  3,483  22,855  8,128  64,830


The following describes the nature and purpose of each reserve within owners’ equity:

Share capital Amount subscribed for shares at nominal value.
Share premiumAmount subscribed for shares in excess of nominal value, less directly attributable costs.
Share-based payment reserveProportion of the fair value of share options granted relating to services rendered up to the balance sheet date.
Retained earnings / (accumulated losses)Cumulative profit and losses attributable to equity shareholders.
Other reserves comprise: 
Merger reserveArising on reverse acquisition from Group reorganisation.
Contingent consideration reserveArising on equity based contingent consideration on acquisition of subsidiaries.
Foreign currency reserveArising on translation of foreign operation.





 FY-2023 FY-2023  FY-2022 FY-2022
 Group Company  Group Company
 £’000s £’000s  £’000s £’000s
Profit / (Loss) before tax 9,148 (1,166) 3,416 (1,332)
Add: Cashflows from operating activities:  
Adjustments for:   
  Depreciation 1,228 -  1,211 -
  Amortisation 7,048 -  6,008 -
  Impairment - -  - -
  Share-based payment charges 1,419 -  924 -
  (Increase) / decrease in trade and other receivables*1 (6,416) 1,867  (9,920) (1,024)
  (Decrease) / Increase in trade and other payables*2 (386) 3,604  9,707 3,086
  Decrease / (Increase) in derivative financial assets 856 -  (3,023) -
 (Decrease) / increase in derivative financial liabilities (387) -  2,707 -
 Increase in inventories (80) -  (124) -
 Finance costs 167 8  280 3
3,449 5,479 7,770 2,065
Net cash inflow 12,597 4,313 11,186 733
Tax receipts 232 -  400 -
Tax paid (345) -  (61) -
Cashflows from investing activities   
  Acquisition of property plant and equipment (479) -  (271) -
  Acquisition of intangibles (6,618) -  (5,056) -
  Acquisition of subsidiary, net of cash acquired - (2,976)  - -
Net cash used in investing activities (7,097) (2,976)  (5,327) -
Cashflows from financing activities   
  Repayment of borrowings - -  (2,000) -
  Principal elements of lease payments (786) -  (837) -
  Interest paid on finance lease (155) -  (169) -
  Other interest paid - -  (47) (3)
  Acquisition of the remaining non-controlling interest - -  (1,405) (930)
  Dividends paid (928) (928)  - -
  Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares 100 100  200 200
Net cash outflow from financing activities (1,769) (828)  (4,258) (733)
Cash, and cash equivalents at 1 January 15,044 -  13,104 -
Cash, and cash equivalent at 31 December 18,662 509 15,044 -


*1 The movement in the deferred and current tax assets and the right-of-use asset balances (excluding the depreciation charge) is included within the movement in trade and other receivables.

*2 The movement in the deferred and current tax liabilities and the lease liability balances is included within the movement in trade and other payables.